Gregory the Illuminator, Bishop of & Missionary to Armenia

March 23 – Gregory the Illuminator, Bishop of and Missionary to Armenia – The apostle, national saint, and patron of Armenia, he refused to take part in a great sacrifice to the national gods ordered by King Trdat, and declared himself a Christian. He was then tortured in various horrible ways, all the more...

Cyril of Jerusalem, Bishop

March 18 – Cyril was born in Jerusalem around 315, and became bishop of that city in about 349. The years between the Council of Nicea (325) and the Council of Constantinople (381) were troubled years, in which the Church, having committed itself at Nicea, over the strenuous protests of the Arians, to the...

Saint Gregory the Great, Bishop of Rome

March 12 – St. Gregory the Great, Bishop of Rome (Roman Catholic: September 3) – (c. 540 – 12 March 604), St. Gregory was pope from 3 September 590 until his death. Gregory is well known for his writings, which were more prolific than those of any of his predecessors as pope. Throughout the...

Saint Gregory of Nyssa, Bishop

March 9 – St. Gregory of Nyssa, Bishop. (c. 335 – c. 395) Also known as Gregory Nyssen, was bishop of Nyssa from 372 to 376, and from 378 until his death. Gregory lacked the administrative ability of his brother Basil, or the contemporary influence of Gregory of Nazianzus, but was an erudite theologian...

Cyril of Alexandria, Bishop and Teacher

June 27 – Cyril of Alexandria, Bishop and Teacher – Ten years after the death of Athanasius, the great champion of faith in Christ as fully God, the bishopric of Alexandria was bestowed on one Theophilus. He was a man of fiery temperament, and ruthless and violent in the pursuit of what he conceived...